IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1166 - Some countries include a relatively large number of young adults

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic.

At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.

Do the advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1: [Opinion: The advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages.]
In recent times, some countries have seen a significant increase in the number of young adults in their population, while the number of older people remains relatively low. This demographic situation has led to debates on whether the advantages of having a predominantly young population outweigh the disadvantages. This essay will assess both the pros and cons of this situation and conclude whether having a large proportion of youths have more advantages or not. 

One advantage of having a large population of young adults is the potential for economic growth. Young adults are typically more productive and innovative, and they are more likely to start businesses that can contribute to economic growth. Additionally, a large pool of young workers can help offset the financial burden of providing healthcare and pensions for an ageing population. For example, countries like India and China have a significant young population, which has contributed to their rapid economic growth in recent years.

On the other hand, a high population of young adults can also have negative consequences. One of the main disadvantages is the potential for high unemployment rates, particularly if there is not enough demand for labour. This can lead to social unrest and political instability. Additionally, a young population can also lead to a lack of experienced workers, which can create skill shortages in certain industries, such as healthcare and education.

Despite the potential disadvantages, I believe that the advantages of having a relatively large number of young adults in a population outweigh the disadvantages. The economic benefits of a young population are too significant to ignore, particularly in developing countries that are trying to achieve rapid economic growth.

In conclusion, while having a large population of young adults has both advantages and disadvantages, I believe that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Governments should focus on developing policies and programs to maximize the potential economic benefits of a young population while mitigating the potential negative consequences.

Sample Answer 2: [Opinion: The advantages of it outweigh the disadvantages.]
The proportion of elderly people in some countries, like Japan and Italy, is considerably higher while in some other regions, including some Asian, African and Western countries, young people comprise the highest percentage of the total population. Having a larger proportion of youth is considered to have more advantages for a country, and I think that a country reaps more benefits from its active and young workforce.

On the one hand, the contribution of senior citizens could not be denied and they have already done their part for reforming the country. Moreover, they have vast experience and wisdom that are vital for some important positions and they are often considered a better fit for decision-making positions. For instance, elderly politicians, writers, researchers and doctors have more to contribute to society often than their younger counterparts.

On the other hand, the young generation is dynamic, and energetic, and can contribute to the job sector which has a huge positive impact on the economic development of the country. They come with fresh ideas and are free from old dogma and traditional beliefs. It gives them a competitive advantage. The educated young generation is the best resource a country can have, and their contribution to the country is significantly higher than the participation of children and elder people. 

Moreover, the young generation can learn faster and can share ideas, and this is why they are better suited for both physically and mentally demanding posts. The IT sector, for instance, is full of fresh minds and is globally led by young minds. The IT sector is considered to be the most prominent sector for the development of a country, especially in this technological era, and it highlights the importance of young and fresh minds over elder people in a country.

To conclude, older people should not be considered a burden for the country, however, the young have more to contribute to society and the country as a whole. This is why it is more beneficial for a country to have an active workforce than for dependent senior citizens.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.90 (59 Votes)

Sagar Garad
In this contemporary era, all nations are focusing on the empowerment of youths, who are the future of the nation. Some countries have a higher percentage of younger people compared to older people. In my opinion, this is a favourable situation for the nation because it will serve as extra manpower as well as lead the world toward technological advancements as youths are more adept in using and developing technology.

The more the proportion of younger people in a country, the more will increase the production of goods in the factories. As the young generation can do hard work, they can use this for the advancement of their organisations. The manufacturing industry, for instance, required young foremen to produce various products. With a great number of young people, a country can become a manufacturing hub like China. Moreover, young people can work longer hours and put their energy towards increasing production in almost all industries in a country. Without the youths, a country's production is greatly halted.

Although older people have work experience, they are not good at handling new technologies. In this cutting edge, all governments emphasise technology. However old people have less capacity with new software and hardware technologies. My grandparents, for example, do not know how to operate mobile phones or computers. If they want to send a message they take my help. This is why the older generation can contribute little towards the technological development of a nation.

In conclusion, although the old population has the experience, the young generation has better capability to contribute towards the production and technological development of a country.

At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.

Do the advantages of this situation outweigh its disadvantages?

Sample Answer:
Some countries have a large proportion of the young population compared to others where the ratio of elderly people is so high. Having a higher proportion of an active and young generation has some distinct benefits as well as some detriments. I believe that a higher ratio of young people in a country is more advantageous.

To commence with, a higher percentage of young adults in a country means an active population that can contribute to economic activities. It can help the nation develop in any sectors like industrialisati on, production, healthcare, education, irrigation, and infrastructural development. For instance, to develop good infrastructure a country needs young people who can actively work. It is inevitable that if the country has more young adults then the per capita income and GDP of the country will be high. Moreover, the young generation can take bold and innovative initiatives that can take the country to new heights. For instance, without skilled and trained young IT professionals, it is hard for any country in the world to develop in this era of technology. Moreover, a country needs to spend more money on the healthcare sector if it has a more elderly population.

On the other hand, having more elderly people means a nation has so many mentors who can advise us. Those elderly people have vast experience in different sectors and we need their mentorship. A sector that is run only by young adults is often doomed to fail due to the lack of experience. They can look after our young generations and guide us in the right direction when need their expert opinions.

To conclude, although elderly people are good mentors due to their immense experience, a country needs more young adults for their unstoppable spirit, bold actions and ability to contribute to economic development.

Former IELTS Examiner
This essay has such annoying basic grammatical mistakes, particularly with ''articles''.. it uses (the) so many times mistakenly! The 2 body paragraphs are not balanced at all, which is critically damaging TA. Also, many sentences are used as ''filling expressions''. When you feel like a sentence would not serve the main idea, omit it! I have a feeling that this candidate can write much better essays than this one, and this can be seen due to the wide range of vocabulary he uses besides his/her good command on cohesion.TA: 6CC: 8LR: 8GRA: 6OVERALL: 7
Md Tanim Bin Zaman
It gave quite a vivid explanation of putting the younger generation in favour, at the same time couldn't deny the contribution of the older generation. As a whole, I think there is always an urgency to give away the places for younger generation for better and brighter development of a country.
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