IELTS Essay # 1166 - Some countries include a relatively large number of young adults
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic.
At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.
Do the advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
The proportion of elderly people in some countries, like Japan, is considerably higher while in some other regions, including some Asian and Western countries, young people comprise the highest percentage of the total population. Having a larger proportion of youth is considered to have more advantages for a country, and I think that a country should have more active youths for faster development.
To begin with, the young generation is dynamic, energetic, and can contribute to the job sector which has a huge positive impact on the economic development of the country. They come with fresh ideas and are free from old superstitions and traditional beliefs. It gives them a competitive advantage. The educated young generation is the best resource a country can have, and their contribution to the country is significantly higher than the participation of children and elder people. The contribution of the older people, however, could not be denied and they have already done their part for reforming the country. They have vast experience and wisdom that are vital for decision making. They are often considered a better fit for the decision-making positions.
Moreover, children are the future of a country, and the elderly have already played their roles. On the contrary, the young generation is the active workforce and can lead to the overall growth of the country. They are active citizens in society while children and senior peoples are dependent on others. The young generation can learn things faster and can share ideas, and this is why they are better leaders. The ICT sector, for instance, is full of fresh minds and is globally led by young minds. The ICT sector is considered to be the most prominent sector for the development of a country, especially in this technological era, and it highlights the importance of young and fresh minds over elder people in a country.
To conclude, older people should not be considered a burden for the country, however, the young have more to contribute to society and the country as a whole. This is why it is more beneficial for a country to have an active workforce than dependent senior citizens.
Do the advantages of this situation outweigh its disadvantages?
Some countries have a large proportion of the young population compared to others where the ratio of elderly people is so high. Having a higher proportion of an active and young generation has some distinct benefits as well as some detriments. I believe that a higher ratio of young people in a country is more advantageous.
To commence with, a higher percentage of young adults in a country means an active population that can contribute to economic activities. It can help the nation develop in any sectors like industrialisati on, production, healthcare, education, irrigation, and infrastructural development. For instance, to develop good infrastructure a country needs young people who can actively work. It is inevitable that if the country has more young adults then the per capita income and GDP of the country will be high. Moreover, the young generation can take bold and innovative initiatives that can take the country to new heights. For instance, without skilled and trained young IT professionals, it is hard for any country in the world to develop in this era of technology. Moreover, a country needs to spend more money on the healthcare sector if it has a more elderly population.
On the other hand, having more elderly people means a nation has so many mentors who can advise us. Those elderly people have vast experience in different sectors and we need their mentorship. A sector that is run only by young adults is often doomed to fail due to the lack of experience. They can look after our young generations and guide us in the right direction when need their expert opinions.
To conclude, although elderly people are good mentors due to their immense experience, a country needs more young adults for their unstoppable spirit, bold actions and ability to contribute to economic development.