IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 1211 - Should we discourage people to use cars?

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

The use of personal cars has increased more than ever before but this use of cars causes many problems.

What are those problems?
In order to reduce these problems, should we discourage people to use cars?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words. 

Model Answer 1: [Opinion: We should discourage people to use cars.]

Personal cars have become an essential part of our life due to a variety of benefits it offers including easy access to different facilities and services, safety, freedom to travel, and comfort of the journey. However, these advantages come with a cost, and among them, environmental degradation and traffic congestion are two major concerns. We can improve the public transportation system and gradually increase fuel prices to discourage people from using private cars while also investing in eco-friendly cars.

Problems associated with increasing car use are huge, and its environmental impacts are a great concern for many.  Automobiles are a big source of carbon dioxide emission and greenhouse effects and not to mention, air and sound pollution in urban areas all around the world. Vehicle exhausts contribute to global warming, acid rain and many health-related problems. Climate change is already affecting millions of people's lives and hurting the ecological balance, and it is terrifying to think about what the ever-increasing vehicles on the roads would do to our planet in the future unless we do something to reverse it. Moreover, personal cars are the reason we face horrendous traffic jam almost every day which kills our valuable time and negatively affect our productivity.

To address these problems, some people suggest that the government should impose strict restrictions on car ownership and increase the tax on car purchasing to a staggering height. However, the mobility and flexibility of personal cars are essential in our life, and I am absolutely against taking any drastic measures. Rather, we should improve our public transportation facility to a great extent so that people prefer to use public buses and trains rather than driving. Another measure could be to slowly increase fuel prices which would deter many people from using and driving cars. Moreover, car manufacturers should invest in environment-friendly solar or hydrogen-powered cars to reduce the negative impacts of cars on the environment and the government should improve the roads to reduce traffic congestion.

In conclusion, restricting the use of cars overnight might seem like a quick and effective solution, but practically speaking, it is not a proper solution. We want to use cars for the freedom of our mobility but have to come up with eco-friendly cars to reduce their negative impacts.


Model Answer 2: [Opinion: We should NOT discourage people to use personal cars]

In recent years, the use of automobiles has become more popular than ever before. However, the increased use of personal cars has caused several issues that cannot be overlooked. This essay will discuss the problems caused by the increased use of cars, and then provide possible solutions to tackle these problems.

One of the main problems associated with the increased use of cars is traffic congestion. The increasing number of cars on the road has led to traffic jams, making it difficult for people to reach their destinations on time. For instance, in cities like Mumbai, Delhi or Dhaka, traffic congestion has become a significant issue, causing delays in reaching workplaces and schools and hampering productivity.

Moreover, the use of cars has contributed significantly to environmental degradation. Cars are a major source of greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming and climate change. For example, the burning of gasoline in cars releases carbon dioxide, which is one of the major greenhouse gases responsible for climate change.

Despite these problems, I believe that we should not discourage people from using cars altogether. Rather, we should encourage the use of electric cars and other automobile types that use green energy rather than gasoline or petrol. This will not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also promote sustainable development. Moreover, it will also promote the use of renewable energy sources and help to reduce the world's dependence on fossil fuels. Finally, to tackle traffic congestion, we need strict traffic laws, and better roads and infrastructures.

In conclusion, I believe that rather than discouraging the use of cars, we should promote the use of electric cars and other automobile types that use green energy. We also need more roads, and strict traffic rules to reduce traffic jams. This will help to reduce the negative impacts of cars on the environment and promote sustainable development while also offering freedom of movement to the general public.

Sample Answer 3: [Opinion: We should discourage people to use personal cars.]

In today's world, the ever-increasing use of personal cars has led to numerous environmental and societal problems. The severe repercussions of this trend call for immediate and stringent action to be taken to alleviate its negative impacts. Therefore, I believe that we should discourage people from using cars and explore alternative means of transportation.

The problems caused by excessive personal car usage are multifaceted and severe. Firstly, the high levels of carbon emissions from cars are the primary contributor to air pollution, causing numerous respiratory diseases and exacerbating global warming. Secondly, traffic congestion caused by personal cars leads to immense frustration and stress for drivers, thereby lowering their productivity and well-being. Finally, cars require a considerable amount of space for parking and driving, resulting in the loss of valuable land that could have been put to better use.

To mitigate these problems, governments should take a proactive role in discouraging people from using cars. This can be achieved by imposing high taxes on personal cars, increasing fuel prices, and investing in public transportation systems such as buses, trains, and subways. Additionally, governments should incentivise the use of green vehicles such as electric cars and hybrid cars, which have far less environmental impacts.

In conclusion, the problems caused by personal car usage are too severe to be ignored. Therefore, it is imperative that governments take decisive action to discourage people from using cars and transition to more sustainable modes of transportation. Failure to do so will result in irreversible environmental and societal consequences that will affect future generations.

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Muhammad Zakir
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