IELTS Essay 1212 - Fossil fuel is extensively used in many countries

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Fossil fuel, such as coal, oil and natural gas, is extensively used in many countries which cause harms to the environment. The use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power, however, is being encouraged in many countries. Is this a positive or negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words. 



Model Answer 1:
Fossil fuel, though extensively used, is not eco-friendly and its use comes with a huge cost - the environmental degradation. Considering the global warming and climate change, and the detrimental effects fossil fuels have on the environment and public health, green fuel, such as solar, hydro and wind power, should be encouraged and can be the answer to our future energy demand and environmental problems.

The demand for fuels is rapidly increasing in many countries with the population rise. It is also associated with the industrialisation and it seems only obvious that oil, coal and natural gas rich countries would largely use them to take the leverage of their stock of such energy sources. For instance, Russia has natural gas, China and India are rich in coal and the USA and OPEC countries has a huge stockpile of oil. Besides, other developed countries that do not have a huge stock of such fuel, import them from other countries at a considerably cheap rate. However, the stock of fossil fuel is limited and would get exhausted at a certain point. So, alternative and green sources, which is renewable, would be the main source of our energy in the future and we should get ready for the time when we will have no new oil or gas stock. Since green energy like wind and solar energy are renewable, their use should be as much encouraged as possible from right now and it is a good thing that the trend has already started.

Alternative sources of power, such as solar and wind power, do not pollute the environment, have lower carbon emission and are eco-friendly. So their use could save the planet from a disaster of global warming which is already visible around us. Wind power and solar power are in use in countries like Denmark, Germany and France and more and more countries are joining the list. We already have an extremely efficient technology to produce solar and wind power and the trend is quite encouraging.

The demand for energy is increasing at a fast pace and the stock of fossil fuel is diminishing. So we should turn to alternative green energy sources and share the technology and expertise with all nations so that the transition happens all around the world to save our otherwise dying planet due to climate change and greenhouse effects.

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