IELTS Essay 1212 - Fossil fuel is extensively used in many countries

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Fossil fuel, such as coal, oil and natural gas, is extensively used in many countries which causes harm to the environment. The use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power, however, are being encouraged in many countries.

Is this a positive or negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words. 

Model Answer 1: [Positive development]
Fossil fuel, though extensively used, is not eco-friendly, and its usage comes with huge environmental costs. Considering global warming and climate change, and the detrimental effects fossil fuels have on the environment and public health, green fuel, such as solar, hydro and wind power, could be the answer to our future energy demand. It is a good thing that many countries have already started using these green power sources.

The demand for fuels is rapidly increasing in many countries with the population rise. It is also associated with industrialisation, and it seems only obvious that oil, coal and natural gas-rich countries would largely use them to take the leverage of their stock of such energy sources. For instance, Russia has natural gas, China and India are rich in coal, and the USA and OPEC countries have a huge stockpile of oil. Besides, other developed countries that do not have a huge stock of such fuel, import them from other countries at a considerably cheap price. However, the stock of fossil fuel is limited and would get exhausted at a certain point. So, alternative and green sources, which is renewable, would be the main source of our energy in the future, and we should get ready for the time when we will have no new oil or gas stock. Since green energy like wind and solar energy is renewable, their use should be as much encouraged as possible from right now, and it is a good thing that the trend has already started.

Alternative sources of power, such as solar and wind power, do not pollute the environment, have lower carbon emissions and are eco-friendly. So their use could save the planet from the disaster of global warming which is already visible around us. Wind power and solar power are in use in countries like Denmark, Germany and France, and more and more countries are joining the list. We already have an extremely efficient technology to produce solar and wind power, and the trend is quite encouraging.

To conclude, the energy demand is increasing at a fast pace, and the stock of fossil fuels is diminishing. So we should turn to alternative green energy sources and share the technology and expertise with all nations so that the transition happens all around the world to save our otherwise dying planet due to climate change and greenhouse effects.


Model Answer 2: [It is a positive trend]
Every year the energy demand is increasing globally. So the strains on the current and already limited resources are high, and most of these energy resources, like fossil fuels, harm our environment one way or another. So I wholeheartedly believe that the use of alternative sources of energy is a positive trend, and their use should be encouraged further.

To solve the global energy demand and environmental problems, we need answers to questions like how to better use the existing, limited fossil fuel resources, and how we can encourage the use of alternative energy sources. Fossil fuels, like coal and oil, are not an unlimited source of energy. Some countries are rich in oil deposits like OPEC, whereas others have coal deposits or natural gas. And a few others, Germany and Japan, for example, are completely dependent on the import of such resources. For all these countries, alternative energy, also known as green energy, should be encouraged and utilised to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels as well as to keep the global environment in balance and ‘healthy’. The trend of producing green energy is thus a timely initiative to save our planet from climate change and global warming.

To turn the situation in our favour, we have to introduce clean energy supplies that would not harm the environment and would be feasible for most countries to produce. Wind power and solar power are at present seem to be the perfect alternatives for that. Countries like France and Norway, among others, have the advanced technology needed to produce extremely efficient solar panels to store energy from the sun or produce win power. Both kinds of power can reduce a country’s dependence on fossil fuels, so their use is, no doubt, a very positive trend.

In conclusion, the use of solar and wind power to produce energy does not pollute the environment and in turn, helps keep the ecosystem stable. So they should be treated positively, and their mass use encouraged.

Sample Answer 3: [it is a positive development]
These days, the environment is being severely affected by the excessive use of nonrenewable energy resources, such as petrol, diesel, coal and natural gas. However, eco-friendly and renewable power sources like wind and solar power are being adopted in many countries, and I wholeheartedly think that it is a positive trend.

To begin with, many nations have already made a firm decision to regain the balance of our planet. To achieve that, they have made significant modifications to their system. Firstly, the implementation of windmills and hydroelectric plants is gaining popularity at a rapid pace. This is a secure way of generating electricity that saves the environment and money and leads the way to a future when clean energy will be predominant in the world. For instance, Croatia is setting an example for its neighbouring countries by generating seventy per cent of its energy from solar power. It is a very positive development that other countries can follow to make the world green again.

Additionally, the major advantage of utilising these alternative resources is that they greatly reduce the carbon content of the environment and make the planet more sustainable. Moreover, it is cheaper to produce such clean energy than to extract coal or natural gas which makes these eco-friendly energies affordable to mass people. A recent study by Oxford University reveals that the production of solar power is 30% cheaper than that of fossil fuel. This finding again emphasizes how important it is for all nations to opt for renewable energy sources, and how beneficial it is that many countries have already invested in generating clean power.

In conclusion, even though we have harmed Mother Nature to a great extent by indiscriminately using fossil fuels, some countries have already shown us a better way to produce and use power. It is expected that more countries will invest in alternative sources of energy to make the planet green again and make energy affordable for all.

[Written by - Adarsh Rawat]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.88 (37 Votes)

Bharat Wadhawan
Essay Topic: Fossil fuel, such as coal, oil, and natural gas is extensively used in many countries which causes harm to the environment. The use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power, however, is being encouraged in many countries.

Is this a positive or negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Sample Essay:
There are various sources of power generation nowadays. In recent years, traditional non-renewable energy sources such as coal, natural gas, and other fossil fuels have been replaced by modern and renewable sources such as wind and solar energy. Thus, I completely concur that this is a positive development and this essay will showcase this viewpoint in subsequent paragraphs.

Nations that rely on renewable sources of energy such as wind, solar, and geothermal are becoming clean and green with time. This is possible since there are no wastes or exhausts from these sources. On the contrary, fossil fuels need to be ignited or burned to generate energy, thus creating harmful emissions in the process. For instance, countries such as Sweden, Finland, and Germany have invested massively in deploying solar panels to trap solar energy in immense quantities. As a result, it has reduced the average carbon footprint of such nations and made them greener compared to their neighbouring countries.

In some other nations, the government provides subsidies to individuals who install renewable sources of energy. Surprisingly, this has benefitted the inhabitants of such countries in two more ways- first and foremost is that they can generate energy for themselves independently and second, it has substantially reduced pollution. To illustrate this, Canada provides a heavy rebate in taxes to those who lend their properties for installing solar panels and windmills. Consequentially , there has been a substantial growth of renewable energy in the country, from 25 percent in 2010 to 47 percent in 2020 and the overall air quality index has improved.

To conclude, it is absolutely a positive trend that countries are promoting renewable energy sources, which can save our planet Earth from harmful greenhouse emissions and global warming for years to come.

Ahmed Almohandis
Does this type of question the same (Advantage and Disadvantage)?
Muhammad Sahran khan
No, you have to talk about just a single change either it is positive or negative!