IELTS Essay 1229 - Advantages and disadvantages of the new approach in teaching

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In the past, lectures were the traditional method of teaching large numbers of students in a classroom. Nowadays new technology is increasingly being used to teach students.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this new approach in teaching?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words. 

Model Answer:

We have moved into a technology-driven era where technology is affecting many different aspects of our life, and education is no exception. So, in some schools, traditional methods of education have been revolutionised by new technology to the extent that the lecture is no longer the main method of teaching students. While this new approach has some advantages, it also has many significant shortcomings. This essay outlines both the advantages of disadvantages of this novel approach.

Perceivably the biggest advantage of the use of the latest technology in education is the flexibility it offers. This is evident in two different ways-  firstly, it is now no longer essential for students to be present in the classroom for their courses. Covid-19 pandemic has specifically taught us how this flexibility could be a lifesaver. Moreover, the distance learning facility enables employed professionals, housewives and people from different countries to enrol and successfully finish useful courses offered by numerous institutes. Another area of flexibility is of course that the lecturers can use interactive tools like "Moodles", for example, and other tools to deliver their courses in a more stimulating way to large numbers of students.

Not everything, however, about the introduction of this new technology into education is useful. To start, not all students are comfortable with using technology, even if they are part of the digital native generation. This is a grave issue as they may suffer from their lack of technological skills and interests. For instance, an overwhelming number of students, almost 75%, despite their enthusiasm about smartphones and computers, reported that they do not like online classes. Another related issue is that education is a human activity, and it works best with as much human interaction as possible. Impersonal technology cannot replace the human contact found in traditional face-to-face tutorials and seminars. Thus a piece of technology or tool can never be an alternative to experts tutors who know their students individually and act and teach them accordingly.

To conclude, technology in education brings some important benefits and enables distance learning possible. It also becomes the only way of learning and teaching during pandemics and disasters. However, by the fact that it can be too impersonal for some and discourages others for their lack of technological skills or passion, it is still not the best method to teach and learn.

[Band score 8 level essay sample] [Written and submitted by - Adriana]

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Nguyễn Kiều Ngân
Essay Topic:
In the past, lectures were the traditional method of teaching large numbers of students in a classroom. Nowadays new technology is increasingly being used to teach students.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this new approach in teaching?

Sample Answer:
The new technology-driven method of teaching millennials is considered to be a major discussion in today’s world. While the traditional method of teaching is still preferred by most parents, the revolutionized method of teaching is applied by many schools in the world and is being accepted by more and more parents. This essay outlines both advantages and disadvantages of this new approach of teaching.

There are some compelling reasons why applying technology to education is beneficial. One of the biggest advantages of the use of technological devices in teaching methods is its flexibility. Students are no longer required to be present in their classroom for their course. Due to the Covid-19, social distancing and strict lockdown policy, people could not go outside and this flexibility is a lifesaver. Moreover, the new approach of learning methods could provide students with international school life as those latest devices could connect with students all over the world. Another advantage of it is that the technology appliances will help students to improve their technology skills. Students could revise skills by using the apps to create products for their presentations and do homework.

On the other hand, there are some convincing reasons to explain why applying technology to education could have its own drawbacks. To begin with, traditional classroom settings could greatly affect children's understanding and concentration. When students study in normal classes, they can interact with teachers and friends. In the tech-driven education system, they could be distracted from their work because of social media and digital games. In addition, learning online is one of the major factors for students’ cheating. Children tend to copy the content from the Internet for their examination and homework without understanding the underlying concepts, thereby terribly affecting their learning process. Also, over accessing technology devices impacts heavily on students' health, which easily leads to serious diseases such as obesity and diabetes and psychological problems as they just sit in one place for the whole day instead of doing other activities.

In conclusion, although the technology approach of learning methods has many benefits, especially during the pandemic, there are many demerits that it brings to human’s life. It is expected that parents and teachers would monitor young students so that they reap the benefit of it while discarding the negative sides of it as much as possible.

I had gone through your essay. It's amazing Adriana, but it could be more effective if you add a more rigid pattern to elaborate.
Could you please evaluate my essay?

Topic: In the past, lectures were the traditional method of teaching large numbers of students in a classroom. Nowadays new technology is increasingly being used to teach students.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this new approach in teaching?

These days, technology is being extensively used in the educational area. So, instead of a traditional classroom-based education system, computers and the internet are mostly used to teach students. This essay outlines both the advantages and demerits of the technology-based teaching system.

To begin with the advantages of the technology-driven learning system in the education area, it is indisputable that from anywhere, anytime a student can enrol on a class. This has proven to be a life-saver during the Covid-19 pandemic. Secondly, it eliminates the need for going to schools, so save time and help reduce traffic congestions. In addition to this, students can record the lectures and listen later while parents can monitor the progress of young learners. For instance, during the pandemic, my younger sister, who is a college student could listen to recorded lectures to better understand the lessons. According to her, recorded lectures help her understand the topic better than live class in a classroom.

This system has many disadvantages too. First and foremost, in this system, the teachers do not interact with their students directly and hence can not understand what should be done to help some poor students better understand the topic. Moreover, poor students, mostly from rural areas, can not afford modern technology and lag behind in studies when the teaching methods are digital.

To conclude, if we consider the current pandemic situation, family conditions and students ability to embrace technology in our country, online education is crucial. Although the new education path has some shortcomings, it can be easily solved by making some adjustments in the long run.

Ziad A El-badry
Countries have strived for developing their education system for the overall development of the nation. Therefore, many changes have been integrated into it, and the most important one being the use of technology. In this essay, I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these changes.

Incorporating technology into the education system have bought many advantages. For example, online lessons provided the teachers and the students with flexibility that wasn’t available before. It let them use presentations, videos, and images to make the learning experience more interactive while maintaining social distancing during a time when social distancing is a matter of life and death. Also, the internet is giving the students the ability to learn at their own pace which can help many students achieve better academic success. Technology is used to help students experiment, learn further and utilise the knowledge they have already learned.

However, relying only on technology can have its drawbacks. To illustrate, many studies have proven that learning in a traditional classroom setting can greatly improve the students’ understanding because they can discuss the lesson with teachers and classmates. Also, having an available teacher can help those who have trouble understanding some concepts. Moreover, technology can distract the students from their works because of social media, games, and advertisements, which will have a terrible effect on students' learning process and performance.

To conclude, technology offers a huge amount of resources, different teaching methods, and an overall improvement in the learning experience while a class filled with students offers collaboration between students, the chance to socialize, and generally much more fun in terms of the experience. It is expected that technology would be used by human teachers to make education more interactive and useful.

Zeynep Öziş
In the past, lectures were the traditional method of teaching large numbers of students in a classroom. Nowadays new technology is increasingly being used to teach students.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this new approach in teaching?

In the past, lectures and teaching were mostly classroom centric, and teachers used to deliver lectured in front of the students. With the development of various technologies, online classes and digital learning gained some momentum. Later, the Covid-19 pandemic changed every area including education and teaching methods dramatically. Naturally, having online lectures has some advantages and disadvantages for both lecturers and learners.

Today, computers have become a part of the education system, and most students can easily access computers and have internet connections. In pandemic situations, which the world is experiencing right now, online classes give both teachers and students freedom due to the possibility of teaching without the physical presence in the classroom. This is quite practical for both sides in times when social distancing is mandatory. Another advantage of digital learning is that it eliminates the need for travel. It decreases the transportation requirements and time waste. Another advantage can be the ability to record the lecture so that everyone can repeat the same lecture over and over again.

Although it may be seen as quite advantageous, online education methods have some disadvantages as well. Not changing the environment where we sleep, live and educate may be quite distracting and stressful in the long term. Online classes give the opportunity to learn from home but people still need computer devices and internet connection which many poor families in the third world country can not afford. Since everything is virtual, people can easily find themselves on social media during classes. It is not as easy as to realise that a person is not paying attention to the lecture in online classes compared to the actual classroom environment for the lecturer. Also, slow internet connectivity may be often problematic as well.

To conclude, technology-based learning and teaching methods have both merits and demerits. It mostly depends on the student’s characteristics and the teacher’s attention. Although online classes do not offer face to face interaction, it may be useful for difficult times such as pandemics and difficult situations.

IELTS writing task 2.
Aman Garg
Traditional teaching methods and lecture halls were a trend until they were replaced by technology of the Millennial era. This disruption in the status quo has both its advantages and disadvantages.

To commence with, centuries ago, the idea of receiving education from the comfort of home without the physical presence of a faculty seemed remote. A rise in the tech-savvy population has forced the educational sector to revamp its teaching methodology. Among the obvious advantages of technology in the education sector, the first thing is that technology has enabled people to learn on the go. Moreover, visually engaging presentations and video lectures make understanding complex ideas easier. Trigonometry seemed a daunting concept to learn in mathematics, but the advent of technology has made it easier for students to understand the definition of sides of a triangle and to develop quick solutions to complex algorithms. Another advantage of technology-based teaching is that it is not expensive as connecting to a school just requires a good internet connection and an electronic device, both of which are widely available at a cheaper cost.

However, the flip side to having virtual educational sessions is that it becomes difficult to clear doubts due to a shortage of time and pressure to cover a lengthy curriculum. Children addicted to e-learning tend to copy and paste content from online sources without understanding the efficacy of the content thereby making them victims of phishing and hacking. Despite, the advantage of easy accessibility infrastructural issues such as frequent power cuts and poor broadband connectivity remains an issue making study difficult.

In conclusion, it can be said that virtual learning can be a boon in making education easily accessible so long as it is supported by proper infrastructure. Though technology has made study easier, it has also impacted the all-around development of children.